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FEATURE
Shopping in American
and British English

COLUMNS
Metaphor
What we talk about
when we talk about
illness

Focus on Language
Study:

Introduction
Text types

Reviews and discursive texts
UK version  US version

New word of the month
Words describing ailments
of a new age and lifestyle

Top Tips for the CD-ROMs
Exploring vocabulary relating
to illness and health

onestopenglish.com

Top Tips for the CD-ROMs
Exploring vocabulary relating to illness and health
by Mairi MacDonald

1 Pronunciation work

Names of diseases and illnesses often contain tricky letter combinations and silent letters which can make them difficult to pronounce. You can use the CD-ROM to provide some intensive listening practice with the activity below. Students first identify the location of the main stress of each disease and then categorize the words according to the sound of the stressed phoneme.

Tip

Encourage students to listen to the pronunciation of the words on the CD-ROM before they look at the phonemic transcriptions.

The list of diseases and illnesses in the activity below is based on search results created by SmartSearch on the Macmillan English Dictionary CD-ROM.

To find all the illnesses listed in the Macmillan English Dictionary, click on SmartSearch and type illness into the search box. Next tick the following options:

Definitions
Part of speech: noun

To find all the diseases, click on SmartSearch, type disease into the search box and tick the following options:

Definitions
Part of speech: noun

Activity 1 Listening for stress

Identify the main stress in the words below. Use the dictionary to check. Then categorize the words according to the sound of the stressed phoneme in each.

anorexia
appendicitis
arthritis
bronchitis
bulimia
cirrhosis
conjunctivitis
emphysema
encephalitis
haemophilia
laryngitis
meningitis
multiple sclerosis
pneumonia
tonsillitis

/a/
/i/
/e/
/e/
//

 

 

       

See answers

2 Verbs relating to disease and illness

Use SmartSearch to find a selection of verbs relating to disease and illness. The following searches produce a variety of verbs that can be used as the basis for the following activities.

1 Click on SmartSearch, type disease into the search box and tick the following options:

Definitions
Part of speech: verb

2 Click on SmartSearch, type illness into the search box and tick the following options:

Definitions
Part of speech: verb

Activity 2 Verb sort

Complete the following table using the list of verbs below. Use your dictionary to help you.

catch
clear up
come down with
contract
convalesce
cure
diagnose
fight off
flare up

heal
immunize
inoculate
recover
suffer
throw off
treat
vaccinate

Verbs related to becoming and being ill
Verbs related to getting better

 

 

 
Verbs related to the progress of an illness or disease
Verbs related to treatment and disease prevention

 

 

 

See answers

3 Consolidation

To consolidate the initial exploration of verbs relating to illness and disease, use their definitions to make a matching exercise or crossword. Present the clues in context by incorporating example sentences whenever possible.

Tip

You could also save these words to a wordlist. Use your new wordlist to run flashcards on MED CD-ROM or create activities on the Essential CD-ROM.


Activity 3 Crossword

Download crossword (PDF file 97KB) and solution (PDF file 61KB)